Gun Ranges

Westside Rifle & Pistol Range
Manhattan's only remaining indoor gun range, this 50 foot range has 15 firing points and allows standard pistol calibers only (no magnum or hardball), as well as shotguns and pistol caliber rifles. Westside offers pistol and rifles for sale and rental, full FFL services, gunsmithing, and sells gun accessories. They have a "new to shooting" program (.22 caliber rifle) for non-members that allows the only way for non-residents and those without a NYC permit to shoot in NYC. Westside also offers security guard training and application services to help you apply for your permit.
20 West 20th Street
New York, NY 10011

Bay Ridge Rod & Gun Club
Located in Brooklyn, this 25 yard range has 21 firing points and allows handguns and rimfilre rifles only (no centerfire rifles). They do not rent firearms, and you must be a member, or the guest of a member to shoot there. They don't assist in the application process. Ammunition and targets (for range use) are available for sale.
6716 Fort Hamilton Parkway
Brooklyn, New York 11219

Woodhaven Rifle & Pistol Range
This 28 point indoor range is also members only. They offer assistance to members for the application process, as well as security guard training, hunter safety classes, and firearms sales.
74-16 Jamaica Avenue
Queens, New York 11421

Coyne Park Rifle & Pistol Range
Part of the Yonkers Dept. of Parks, Recreation & Conservation, this 51 foot indoor range has 7 firing points and allows handguns (no magnums) and .22 rilfes. They do not sell firearms, but will rent .22 bolt-action rifles for those who have completed their light rifle shooting course. Rates are hourly, memberships are available, and targets and ammunition (for use at the range) are available for sale.
771 McLean Avenue
Yonkers, NY

Out of State
For those who want to rent handguns before receiving their NY Permit, you can travel out of state to do so. I suggest going to Pennsylvania, where guns laws are far less restrictive. Many ranges in PA will rent handguns and rifles, as well as full-auto and suppressed weapons (Class III firearms).

Pocono Pistol Club
This is a new indoor facility, about 75 miles out of NYC (about 1.5 hour drive), just across the Delaware Water Gap. The staff is excellent, with good teachers and classes for the novice and experienced shooter alike. An excellent place for beginners to learn pistol basics.
85 North 1st St
Stroudsburg, PA 18360

Ready, Aim, Fire
This indoor range is also only about 70 miles from downtown Manhattan. Very nice guys, and they get people in from the city regularly. They have Class III firearms for rent.
5800 Ellwood Avenue
Suite F
Bristol, PA 19007

Classic Pistol
Also an indoor range, they too have Class III firearms for rent. I haven't been there personally, but this range was recommended to me more than once, it's just a little further out.
1310 Industrial Boulevard
Southampton, PA 18966